On March 2, at the age of 89, an outstanding scientist, author of fundamental works in the field of physics, the 2005 Global Energy Prize laureate passed away.
The Global Energy Association expresses sincere condolences to the family and friends of Zhores Ivanovich. This is an irreplaceable loss for the world science. Zhores Alferov devoted his life to the dissemination of fundamental knowledge and the creation of breakthrough developments. He spared neither the strength nor the talent for the development of technological progress, for which he was recognized by the Russian and international scientific community. For our association, his death is especially painful. It was Zhores Alferov who stood at the origins of the Global Energy Prize institution, making a significant contribution to its formation and development. And in 2005 he was awarded the title of laureate for research and practical contribution to creation of semi-conductor energy converters for use in solar and electrical energy applications.The work of Zhores Ivanovich will be continued by his students and descendants, and we will always keep a good memory of him. Zhores Alferov forever inscribed his name in the history of world science as an outstanding scientist, popularizer of knowledge and a tireless researcher.
Zhores Ivanovich Alferov was born on March 15, 1930 in Vitebsk, Belorussia. In 1952 he graduated from Leningrad V. I. Ulyanov Electrotechnical Institute. From 1987 to 2003 he was the director of the Ioffe Institute. Since 2010, he has been co-chairman of the Advisory Scientific Council of the Skolkovo Foundation, and since the same year he has been the scientific director of the innovation center in Skolkovo.
Ph.D. of Physical and Mathematical Sciences. Since 2003 – Chairman of the Scientific and Educational Complex “St. Petersburg Physical-Technical Scientific-Educational Center” of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Vice President of RAS from 1991 to 2003.
In 2005 he became the Global Energy Prize laureate for fundamental researches and a considerable practical contribution to creation of semi-conductor energy converters used in solar and electrical energetic.
In 2000, Zhores Ivanovich was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for the development of semiconductor heterostructures used in high-frequency circuits and optoelectronics.
Together with his colleagues, he developed the fundamentals of domestic power semiconductor electronics based on transistors and power germanium devices. Found a solution to efficiently convert light energy into electrical energy using heterostructural photovoltaic cells and solar cells. Solved the problem of energy supply space stations. Currently, this promising direction is successfully developing as one of the sources of environmentally friendly renewable energy. His developments formed the basis of modern information technology, these are lasers transmitting information flows through fiber-optical networks of the Internet.
The originality of the scientific ideas of the researcher is confirmed by a large number of patents and publications. Zhores Alferov – author of more than five hundred scientific articles, four monographs, more than fifty inventions. His works are recognized all over the world, excerpts from them are included in many manuals.