Alexander Sheindlin (Russia) 2004

Awarded the Global Energy Prize for his pioneering contribution to the development of fast-breeder nuclear reactors for power generation, and fundamental studies into the thermophysical properties of matter at extremely high temperatures.

Alexander Sheindlin was born on September 4, 1916 in Samara. In 1937 he graduated from Moscow Power Engineering Institute. In 1954 he obtained Doctor of Engineering Science degree. Starting from 1955 Alexander Sheindlin is a professor of Moscow Power Engineering Institute. He is a founder of the USSR Academy of Sciences Institute of High Temperatures established in 1961. In 1964 he was elected to be the Corresponding-Member of the Academy of Science of the USSR and a decade later – a full Member of the Academy of Science of the USSR. Since 1977 Alexander Sheindlin is Honorary Director of the RAS Institute of High Temperatures.

He created the scientific basis for modern thermal power, which now provides 90% of all energy. He is the author of pioneering studies of the thermodynamic properties of water and vapor, which forms the basis for creating a new generation of thermal power plants with supercritical parameters. The largest laboratories in the world were developing research in this direction, but only Mr. Sheindlin’s research was included in all fundamental domestic and foreign guides.

He studied the thermal properties of metals and their vapors (sodium, potassium, cesium, rubidium, liquid uranium). Many of these properties have been discovered and formulated for the first time in the world. Results of scientist’s work were applied widely in nuclear power plants of direct energy conversion. Under his leadership, world’s first experimental model MHD installation U-02 (1964) and pilot plant U-25 (1971) for the direct conversion of thermal energy into electrical energy have been built and successfully operated.

M. Sheindlin is the author of over 250 scientific papers. He has grown a galaxy of talented students, among which more than 50 have gained PhD and 30 are Doctors of Sciences.

In 2004 Alexander Sheindlin was granted the Global Energy Prize for fundamental research of thermo-physical properties of substances at extremely high temperatures for energetics.


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