Ashot Arakelovich (Russia) 2014

Awarded for an outstanding contribution to nuclear safety enhancement and nuclear facility decommissioning

Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, RAS Adviser

SHORT BIOGRAPHY

  • Was born on the 30th of January, 1924, in Tashkent.
  • 1941: Graduated from Russian secondary school in Tashkent and enrolled in the Felix Dzerzhinsky Higher Naval Engineering School. Completed an accelerated two month program of general military training and went on to fight on the Karelian front. Participated in battles for the liberation of the Soviet polar territories and Norway. Recalled from the front in March 1945, enrolled as a student in the Felix Dzerzhinsky Higher Naval Engineering School, graduated in 1950 with being added to honours board.
  • From 1950 to 1954 served on shipboards in the Baltic sea.
  • In 1956 appointed as an instructor at the Sevastopol Higher Naval Engineering School and worked there for a total of twelve years. Delivered lectures for the course entitled “Naval Nuclear Power Units”.
  • In 1959: appointed as a head of the first Department of Submarine Nuclear Reactors and Steam Generation Units in the military academy system. 
  • In November 1971 appointed as a head of the Sevastopol Higher Naval Engineering School. The school was considered the foundational institution for training engineers for the nuclear submarine fleet.
  • 1983: Appointed as a deputy head for scientific work of the A.A. Grechko Naval Academy (Leningrad).
  • From 1985 – 1989 worked as a Chairman of the Science and Technology committee of the Navy. Resigned in 1989 in the status of Vice-Admiral.
  • In 1956 defended the candidate dissertation, in 1968 defended the doctoral dissertation.
  • In 1981 was elected as a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of sciences, since 1994 is the academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
  • Since 1990 until present holds the position of the Adviser at the Russian Academy of Sciences, since 1995 – professor of Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology.

SCIENTIFIC ACHIEVEMENTS

  • Scientific articles primarily focus on the safety and reliability of naval nuclear energy: more than 300 scientific articles (including 12 monographs) and 17 inventions. Author of a revolutionary article on non-stationary and emergency operating modes for naval nuclear power units. The founder of several scientific research areas related to the dynamics of the nuclear energy units, their safety, reliability and protection. Laid the basis for systematic approach to the problem of nuclear facilities decommissioning. Since 1956 more than 1000 best specialists in this field have been prepared with his direct participation.
  • Organizer and Russian co-chair of scientific conferences on problems of radiological safety in 1955, 1957 and 2004.
  • A.A. Sarkisov was elected as the scientific director of the Program for International Cooperation for Radiological and Environmental Rehabilitation of the Arctic, chairman of the International Science and Technology Program for Radioactive Waste, co-chair of the joint (Russian Academy of Science and National Academy of Sciences of the United States) Scientific Committee for Nuclear Nonproliferation and many other international scientific organizations.
  • Directed research project entitled “Developing a strategic master plan for the utilization of the decommissioned Russian nuclear fleet and the rehabilitation of radiation hazardous elements of its infrastructure in the northwestern Russian Federation” since 2004 to 2007.
  • Holder of ten orders and many medals, laureate of the Russian government award and holder of the golden medal named after the academician A. Aleksandrov.

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Enjoys tennis and studying the history of the navy.
  • For many years, A.A. Sarkisov has participated in cooperation between the Russian Academy of Science and the National Academy of Sciences of the United States on problems of nuclear nonproliferation. Mr. Sarkisov has been a frequent visitor to the United States, France, the United Kingdom and other members of the “nuclear club”, where he became familiar with how nuclear submarines are utilized and nuclear power plant safety measures.

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