President Donald Trump announced his intention to pull the United States out of the accord immediately after winning the presidential election four years ago. The country gave notice to the U.N. in 2019, but the withdrawal process formally takes a year to complete.
Trump said he based his decision to pull out of the agreement on grounds of supporting the U.S. economy and maintaining employment In industry and the energy sector.
“The Paris accord would have been shutting down American producers with excessive regulatory restrictions like you would not believe, while allowing foreign producers to pollute with impunity,” Trump said a year ago when confirming earlier announcements that the United States would abandon the agreement.
The main aim of the accord is to reduce global warning to two degrees Celsius. Countries ratifying the pact agree to keep rises in average temperatures to 1.5 degree Celsius and publicly present a plan to cut emissions.
The accord has been ratified by 189 countries – only the United States has withdrawn. At the same time, numerous U.S. states and companies have pledged to observe its provisions and conditions.
The winner of this month’s U.S. presidential election, Joe Biden, has promised to bring the country back into the agreement. Congressional approval is not required for such a decision, but Biden can only act after his inauguration in January.
The United States is the second largest producer of carbon dioxide emissions after China. A total of 77 countries agreed this autumn to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050 and a further 70 intend to re-examine their environmental strategy on global warming.
The most striking declaration was by China, with a promise to become carbon-neutral by 2060.