Rules in place at the moment require changes to less than a third of the packaging in use. If producers are unable to meet the requirements, they will be hit with a higher environmental tax. And obliged to pay twice the normal punitive rate.
The government intends over 10 years to halve the volume of waste now sent to landfill sites by persuading producers to alter packaging. Plans in Europe over a 10-year period call for 70 % of packaging to be changed as well as 55 % of plastics and 85 % of paper.
The ministry’s press service said rules for doubling environmental taxes will apply only to a limited group of goods and for companies that fail to take action to dispose of waste.
The Russian Environmental Authority has drawn up a list of goods with packaging that cannot be reprocessed as well as listing packaging for 28 specific goods for which it recommends a ban.
These includes plastic cotton swabs, polystyrene packaging for eggs, plastic cups, plates and toothpaste tubes and other goods.
The authority has called for their replacement with environmentally-friendly alternatives. Cotton swabs, for instance, could be made out of wood or paper and cups out of polyethelene compounds. Consumers, the government believes, will not notice the difference, but it will be to the advantage of companies to make the transition to reprocessing their packaging