Construction of two pipeline projects has been completed and 17 are either under construction or being planned. Oil pipelines account for 12 of these 19 projects. Construction is planned for six pipelines for transporting hydrocarbon gas liquids and one for petroleum products.
In 2020, 24 petroleum liquids pipeline projects were completed, including 11 for crude oil.
Record levels were set in 2014, when 35 projects were completed. In 2019, prior to the pandemic, the largest share of oil pipelines was set aside for the Permian shale basin. These lines were vital for the region in order to move ahead with plans to supply growing volumes of oil to refineries.
At the moment, priority is being given to gas pipelines from that basin leading to the Mexican border. This has resulted in a rise in gas exports to the neighbouring country.
The network of pipelines in the United States stretches over some 3 million km and the largest pipeline operator in the country – and throughout the world — is the Enbridge company.