According to data from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy Information Administration (EIA), Russian exports to the United States in May of oil and petroleum products totalled 26.17 million barrels. That amounts to a historic maximum in terms of volumes supplied – and puts at 7 % Russia’s share of U.S. fuel imports of oil and petroleum products.
The largest supplier to the United States is Canada – 125.7 million barrels. In third place after Russia is another neighbour of the United States – Mexico with 22.6 million barrels. Saudi Arabia holds down fourth place with 12.2 million barrels.
The previous record in terms of Russian shipments was set in 2009, when total supplies to the U.S. were a little more than 25 million barrels.
Most U.S. purchases are of Russia petroleum products – oil accounts for a third of supplies, or about 8.6 million barrels.
Standing in first place here is fuel oil, vital for producing petrol. The United States previously bought heavy oil from Venezuela, but that is now inhibited by sanctions against that South American country.
But even when the level of supplies stood at 277,000 barrels per day Russia stood in third place among suppliers of oil to the United States – and boosted those levels by 1.6 times compared to April. This was the highest level of oil supplies over 10 years – in June 2011, the United States bought 10.05 million barrels of Russian oil.
Last year, Russian shipments of oil amounted, on average, to 538,000 barrels per day.