The following substances are to be included in the list: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, sulfur hexafluoride, hydrofluorocarbons and perfluorocarbons.
The list is based on the Kyoto Protocol and the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change as well as the conceptions for a monitoring system for greenhouse gas emissions approved by the government in 2015.
As noted by the government’s press service, the directive is necessary to carry out the provisions of a law from July 2021, signed by the Russian president, on limiting greenhouse gas emissions.
This law obliges large companies to account for their emissions and provides for the creation of a special information system to gather all the data concerned.
In the first stage, the law will apply to all companies responsible for emissions greater than 150,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent. These companies will be obliged to keep accounts from 1st March 2023. In the second stage, from 2024, this will apply to organisations exceeding 50,000 tonnes in emissions.
“There are also provisions to set target indicators on reducing emissions,” a statement on the presidential website said. “And the main guiding principle is the president’s directive on reducing volumes of greenhouse gases accumulated from 2021 to 2050 to lower levels than those of the European Union.”
The Russian government is aiming to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions from 2021 to 2050 to a level below that of the European Union’s indicators. And Russian business could be seriously affected by the European union’s plans on cross-border regulation or taxation. As experts KPMG said, Russian manufacturers could lose about 35 billion euros in 2025-2030.The Minister of Economic Development, Maksim Reshetnikov said the model of carbon regulation would remain in effect on the territory of the entire country from next year.