The company Turbulent, founded in 2012 in Belgium, is launching mass production of hydro power plants able to generate electricity on a river or a water channel with the height difference of one to five meters. A hydropower unit with the capacity of 15 to 70 kilowatts (kW) is able to annually generate 120,000 to 560,000 kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electricity, which is enough for the supply of 50 to 500 private households.
Dutch companies Value Maritime and Carbon Collectors are going to jointly perform assessment of a project to design carbon-neutral tugboats. These tugboats will be outfitted with emission-capture diesel engines. For this, the companies plan to use Value Maritime’s Filtree system, which can capture sulfur and carbon dioxide from marine exhausts.
Flibe Energy, a startup founded in the United States by researcher Kirk Sorensen has designed a molten-salt reactor using as fuel a solution of thorium, a heavy silver-white weakly radioactive metal, and lithium fluoride, a compound looking like a white crystal.
SeaTwirl, a Swedish company has created a prototype of a floating vertical turbine, which can be used for wind generation in offshore areas with the depth of over 60 metres. The company plans to complete development of a full-scale commercial analogue with one megawatt (MW) capacity in 2023 and set up commercial production in 2025.
According to Sergey Alekseenko, a Global Energy expert, Scientific Director of the Institute of Thermophysics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, geothermal energy is considered to be the most environmentally friendly form of energy as no greenhouse gases are emitted during its generation which does not require large areas of land.