The document containing the fundamental principles of the New Revival Policy was already approved by the State Great Khural of Mongolia at the end of December.
Within the energy sector, the Revival Policy prioritises a state support for implementation of the environmentally friendly, scientifically and technically advanced energy projects in nuclear energy, production of green hydrogen, and expansion of the use of natural gas and renewable sources.
In fact, the government of Mongolia, for the first time, explicitly announced its support for construction of the nuclear and hydrogen reactors in the country.
The country has huge resources of renewable (solar, wind) and non-renewable (coal, oil shale) energy sources, but due to its vast territory, small population and weak development of energy-intensive and continuous production, there are some peculiarities of the power grid system development, including the RES-based projects. This limits direct use of the world experience and specific world methodologies that have already been developed.
As Bayar Bat-Erdene, Head of the Department of Electrical Engineering, Mongolian State University of Science and Technology, notes in his article Planning the Development of the Electric Power System of Mongolia published at the Energy Policy journal, over 80 percent of electricity in the country is produced by coal-fired thermal power plants. Connection to the power grid of the RES capacities is almost impossible. There are five independent power systems in the country, which do not imply creation of a sufficiently reliable national system of power redundancy.
At the same time, Mongolia is surrounded by the countries that are leaders in power generation and consumption. In particular, Mongolia has power connections with Russia and China through several transmission lines of different voltage levels, but they are intended only for power import.