Vietnam plans to build its first electrolysis facilities
H2,Molecule,In,The,Bubbles,In,The,Liquid.,3d,Illustration.
Vietnamese company TGS Green Hydrogen plans to start construction of the country's first green hydrogen production site with the capacity of 24,000 tons per year, in June 2022. The 19.5 trillion dong ($840 million) project will also focus on the annual production of 150,000 tons of ammonia and 195,000 tons of nitrogen. As says the Energy World, an industry publication, citing the Vietnamese government, the enterprise trial run is scheduled for the first quarter of 2023.

The photo is sourced from euractiv.com

Ammonia availability in the product line is not a coincidence. Being one of the most popular raw materials for mineral fertiliser production, ammonia can be an alternative to hydrogen, as an energy carrier: while hydrogen condenses into liquid at minus 253 degrees Celsius, ammonia – ‘only’ at minus 33 degrees, which makes its storage easier. In terms of energy density, i.e. 12.7 MJ/l, ammonia is superior to hydrogen (8.5 MJ/l), which will make possible its use in transport in the near future. For example, Australian company H2 is going to make its first test flight with an ammonia engine in 2023.

The TGS Green Hydrogen project will contribute to decarbonisation of the Vietnamese economy. At the United Nations Climate Change Conference held last year, the country announced its intention to achieve zero emissions by 2050. To reach this goal, the Vietnamese government intends to increase the capacity of renewable power generation facilities to 146 GW by 2030. At present, the capacity of the RES power plants in the country is 42,7 G: hydropower plants (HPP) make up 21,6 GW, solar and wind generators make up 20,8 GW and the other renewable energy sources make up 0,3 GW. Increasing the capacities of the RES power plants will reduce Vietnam’s dependence on coal whose share in generation mix in 2020 was 51% (compared to 29% of HPPs, 15% of gas power plants, and 5% of the other sources, according to the BP World Energy Review).

Russian companies also participate in renewable energy development in Vietnam. For example, the Zarubezhneft and Belgian DEME are going to build a 1 GW onshore wind farm in the country by 2030.

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