Turkey commissions fifth tallest arch dam in the world
Турция 3
Turkey has completed construction of the 558 MW Yusufeli hydropower plant (HPP) equipped with the world's fifth largest arch dam. Its height is 275 metres. The project is implemented in the Chorokh River basin in the northeast of the country.

The photo is sourced from suyapi.com.tr

The 34 billion-Turkish Lira (1.74 billion euros at the current exchange rate) HPP can produce 1.9 TWh of electricity annually, which is enough to supply 2.5 million people. The project costs include not only introduction of three hydroelectric generators and a dam able to block the water flow of 2.1 billion cubic metres, but also construction of a village for the people who had to change their residential place, and planting of 77,000 trees as part of the surrounding area improvement.

The project will increase capacity of Turkish HPPs to 32 GW, i.e.by 1.8%. Hydropower plants are ahead of all other types of generators. Capacity of the Turkish gas and coal-fired power plants was 24.6 GW and 18.7 GW in 2021, while capacity of all the other fossil-fuel power plants was 0.8 GW, according to Ember Research Centre. Among the renewable energy plants (RES), the most common are wind (10.6 GW) and solar generators (7.8 GW), followed by biomass power plants (1.6 GW) and all the other RES (1.7 GW).

Turkey remains one of the few European countries where coal-fired power plants continue to operate. According to the Global Energy Monitor, 1.5 GW coal-fired power plants were under construction in Turkey by July 2022, and 10.7 GW – at the pre-investment stage. However, in the coming years, the priority may be taken over by gas-fired power plants whose access to raw materials will be facilitated by the development of the Sakarya field with the reserves of 540 billion cubic metres, discovered in the Black Sea in August 2020.

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