The photo is sourced from electricalindia.in
The HPP territory will make 5,000 hectares. The construction will take 9 years, i.e., the same period as the commissioning of hydroelectric generating sets of “Three Gorges Dam” (2003 – 2012), which is now No.1 in the world in terms of the installed capacity. The new HPP will be equipped with a 278 metres high concrete gravity dam, a record high dam for India. The launch of this HPP will assure high energy surplus, and Arunachal-Pradesh will be able to export electricity to other regions of the country. The HPP lifespan will be 40 years.
Hydraulic power plants are the second biggest electricity source in India: in 2021, they accounted for 9.4% of the total generation, while as coal-fired CHPPs – for 74.2%, and all the other remaining sources – for 16.4%, according to Ember Research Centre. India intends to achieve the carbon neutrality in 2070. For that purpose, the plan is to increase the capacity of electric power plants using the renewable energy sources (RES) up to 500 GW by 2030, Narendra Modi, the Indian Prime Minister claimed at the UN Climate Change Conference in 2021. According to IRENA, the capacity of all the RES power plants in India in 2021 made 147.1 GW.
Launching nuclear reactors also will contribute to decreasing the carbon footprint in the electric power industry. According to IAEA, eight nuclear reactors with total capacity of 6.6 GW were under construction in India by March 2023. This exceeds the capacity of all operating nuclear reactors in Finlandia (4.6 GW). At the same time, India does not intend to withdraw from coal, which will continue to play an important role in the energy mix of the country at least until 2040 – the respective statement was made by Pralhad Joshi, the Indian Minister of Coal Industry, in November 2022 at the meeting of a Parliamentary Committee.