PJSC Gazprom, a global energy company focused on exploration, production, transportation, storage, processing and marketing of gas (including as vehicle fuel), gas condensate and oil, as well as electricity and heat generation and distribution. Gazprom has the world’s largest reserves of natural gas and is the world’s leading gas producer. Gazprom sells gas to Russian consumers and is also the world’s largest gas exporter, supplying over 30 countries. Gazprom is among Russia’s largest oil producers and the country’s leading heat and electricity generator.

Federal Grid Company of Unified Energy System (Rosseti FGC UES) was established in 2002 to manage and develop the Unified National Electric Grid (UNEG). The company is a natural monopoly in the provision of services related to power transmission via the UNEG, and is responsible for reliable power supply of consumers in the Russian Federation. The company’s key function is to ensure transmission of electric power from generating plants to electric load centres, including receiving devices of distribution grid companies. In addition, the company transmits power between the energy system of Russia and those of neighbouring countries. PJSC Rosseti operates in 79 regions of Russia.

PJSC Surgutneftegas is focused on hydrocarbon prospecting, exploration and production in three petroleum provinces in Russia: Western Siberia, Eastern Siberia and Timan-Pechora. Its production units use advanced equipment and technologies and are adapted to local geological and climate conditions, enabling the company to perform a full range of required operations independently. As a modern and responsible diversified business, PJSC Surgutneftegas fully meets its obligations to the government, shareholders, business partners and consumers, regularly upgrades its production capacities, uses natural resources sustainably, takes a consistent approach to environmental safety, and actively contributes to the social and economic development of the regions in which it operates.​

Temperature swings in Arctic may be related to planetary waves, study says

Scientists from Saint Petersburg State University (SPbU) have come to the conclusion based on the results of studying planetary waves that these waves are capable of generating extreme warming and cooling in the Arctic and in northern temperate latitudes. The results of their study have been published in the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, which is issued by the European Geosciences Union.

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May 2023