Young scientists presented innovations in the energy sector In St. Petersburg
On the eve of the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum, Russian young scientists presented their own developments in the energy sector in St. Petersburg. Studies that are already recognized at the highest level, allow to bring to a new level Russian geological prospecting, as well as solve issues of remote energy supply of aircraft and the production of a new generation of biofuel.
Young scientists are winners of the All-Russian contest the Energy of Youth, which is held by the Global Energy Association on development of international research and projects in the field of energy, since 2004. The main goal of the contest is scientific progress in the field of energy in Russia, which is achieved through stimulating young scientists and increasing their interest in scientific research.
"Over the past thirteen years, 204 young scientists from 40 research centers of all federal district have become the winners of the contest. The program covers 233 scientific institutions from 64 subjects of the Russian Federation. The total amount of allocated grants is 41.5 million rubles, - said Igor Lobovsky, President of the Global Energy Association. - This year, in the framework of the Laureate’s Week of the Global Energy Prize in St. Petersburg, the winners of the contest 2015 represent their developments. Their technologies allow us to bring to a new level Russian geological exploration, as well as solve the issues of remote energy supply to aircraft and the production of new generation of biofuel".
A research of a team of young scientists from Korolev under the leadership of Ivan Matsak will increase the flight time of drones up to 24 hours without recharging. According to the scientist, this will make it possible to actively use drones in power engineering, agriculture, in emergencies, and logistics. For example, it can be a continuous monitoring of energy infrastructure facilities, including long objects and infrastructure in hard-to-reach places, as well as potentially hazardous industries and natural sites. Now such devices can be used without replacing the battery for just 25-30 minutes. The method of "distance charging" is quite simple: a small solar battery is attached to an unmanned vehicle, to which a laser beam is directed from a remote point. The sun itself is not a powerful source of energy for solving this problem. It is planned that the first prototype will be created this year. "Now the market of unmanned aerial vehicles is exponentially growing and today it is ~ 5 billion dollars and will double by 2020. By 2020, ~ 70 billion dollars will be spent on the acquisition of drones. At the same time, the profit from using drones and providing services will be ~ $ 80 billion,"Ivan Matsak said. - Drones are already used everywhere: for the needs of police and firefighters, for filming and watching animals in the wild. Moreover, in the future they will bring us food in the restaurant and deliver goods from online stores. The main problem is to solve the issue of energy supply. The technology can also be used in robotics and in space - for charging nano- and microsatellites".
Sergei Kashcheev and his team from St. Petersburg are creating the special laser that will be used to detect oil and gas. "The goal of the project was to develop an integrated system for prospecting, exploration and monitoring of oil and gas fields on the continental shelf of the Russian Federation and other hard-to-reach places. The development and implementation of this technology will significantly reduce the financial and time costs at the initial stage of development of deposits; will simplify the exploration practice due to a significant reduction in costly seismic operations," says Sergey Kashcheev.
Thus, laser sounding will help not only to determine the presence of energy resources, but also to predict the oil and gas potential of the deposit and choose the best points for deep drilling. The method can be applied distantly, for example, from an airplane or a helicopter during aerial surveys. Above any field, on land or at sea, with the help of special instruments you can catch a cloud of hydrocarbon molecules. Created by Kashcheev's team, the laser analyzer sample has an extremely high sensitivity - that is mean - it can react even to a very small cluster of heavy hydrocarbon molecules. Its efficiency is completely independent of the weather, in addition, the installation itself will be able to process the received information and transfer it to the center. This method of research is much faster than analogues: for example, using manual methods to analyse 1 square kilometer of the territory will take from 3 to 5 days, and with the help of Kashcheev's technology, it will take less than one day. The main "consumer" of development, according to the scientist, will be the largest Russian energy companies, which will thus be able to solve the problem of exploration of hard-to-reach deposits, for example Arctic shelf. Perspective foreign markets are Saudi Arabia, the United States, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan.
Alexey Bychkov from Novosibirsk and his colleagues created the new generation of biofuel. Young scientists managed to significantly increase the effectiveness of all known bioethanol. Traditionally, biofuel is produced from agricultural and wood processing waste – sawdust, straw and even rice husks. "In Russia's crop production and forestry, 370-390 million tons of waste are generated annually and they are practically not used. In the countries that are leaders in renewable energy, these wastes are utilized with the production of energy and products of chemical processing. Therefore, in the USA it is produced from biomass up to 70 billion kilowatt-hours, in Germany - over 40 billion, since 2010 China is rapidly expanding its capacities, already got ahead Brazil and Japan. However, the use of this resource in our country is far from perfect, in Russia progress has stopped at the level of firewood and, at best, fuel pellets. Most of the waste of agriculture and forestry is not processed, burned in the fields, rotting under the open sky, "notes Alexey Bychkov.
The Bychkov’s team managed to develop a technology that allows to produce fuel from fully renewable raw materials and solves important environmental problems. "According to specialists' forecasts, by 2050, mankind will be able to receive up to 38% of consumed fuel from biomass and up to 17% of electricity, and the energy intensity of biomass is much higher than that of other "green" energy sources such as wind, sun and waves," - Says Alexei Bychkov.