An Interesting and Useful Discovery. Siberian Scientists Found a Way to Burn Oil Waste with Less Harm to the Environment
A group of scientists from the Institute of Thermophysics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (SB RAS), headed by Igor Anufriev, winner of the Energy of Youth Сontest, organized by the Global Energy Association in 2014, has developed an environmentally friendly method for burning oil waste.
The new burner device allows to burn waste oil in a stream of superheated water vapor without the use of external devices and energy sources. Experts, of course, will appreciate the fact that this leads to the gasification of carbon-containing products of thermal decomposition of liquid fuels, increase the efficiency of the reaction and complete burnout of carbon.
But even for those who are far from technical sciences, it is interesting to learn, that the technology is suitable for the processing of used automobile oils, oil sludge, improper and heating oil, fuel oil and crude oil. One of the obvious advantages of the device is that it allows to provide low emissions of oxides, that are harmful to human health. The new development is suitable for the small power generation, and for heating households.
One of the creators of the new device, a senior researcher at the Institute of Thermophysics. S. S. Kutateladze SB RAS, Associate Professor of the Department of Thermal Power Plants, Igor Anufriev emphasized that the research of this development was based on the grant he had received from the Global Energy Association in 2014 to develop a method of intensification and environmental characteristics of liquid hydrocarbon combustion.
Igor Anufriev has just got his PhD on the related topic. Sergey Alekseenko, the Global Energy Prize -2018, RAS academician was scientific supervisor of this research project. He said about the project:‘The new device complies with the most stringent environmental standards, for example, the European standard EN 267: on carbon monoxide in combustion products - up to 50 mg / kWh; for nitrogen oxides - less than 90 mg / kW h. Compare with the method of burning in air, the steam gasification technology allows 30% reduction in the production of nitrogen oxides with a high degree of fuel combustion.’
In the nearest future scientists are planning to bring the device to the market. The Global Energy Association will follow the news about the new technology and will inform its subscribers about it.