Boris Paton has Passed Away
Head of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, laureate of the Global Energy Prize, Boris Paton, died on Wednesday, August 19. He was 101 years old, President Vladimir Zelensky said on his Facebook page.
“He was a metallurgist, engineer, inventor, scientist, and a teacher. He was the first to be awarded the title of Hero of Ukraine. An academician. A genius. A legend. There are many words to describe Boris Paton. However, no words can be found that would fully reveal the true scale of his personality,” the Ukrainian President wrote.
Boris Paton was born in 1918. In 1941 he graduated from the Kiev Polytechnic Institute. Since 1942 he worked at the Institute for Electric Welding of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. He started out as a rank-and-file researcher, and then was promoted to the position of the laboratory manager. In 1950, Boris Paton was appointed deputy director of the Institute, and three years later he headed it. In 1962, the scientist headed the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, and remained its permanent president until his death.
Boris Paton is the author of more than 400 inventions in the field of metallurgy. He dealt with the processes of automatic and semi-automatic submerged-arc welding, built up a theoretical basis for practical implementation of automatic and semi-automatic machines for arc welding and welding power source devices. He also studied the conditions of long-duration arc burning and its regulation, and dealt with the problem of the welding processes management. Under his direction, control systems for various cybernetic devices were developed, including welding robots. The scientist paid great attention to the study of welding metallurgy, improvement of the existing metallic materials and to the creation of new ones.
Boris Paton was in charge of the research on the use of welding heat sources in special melting units, which culminated in the advent of a new area in high-quality metallurgy: special-purpose electrometallurgy (processes of electroslag, plasma arc and electron beam remelting).
Under the management of Boris Paton, a fundamentally new method of welding metals was developed and termed “electroslag welding”. This method makes it possible to connect steel parts 15 to 600 mm thick. Therefore, such welding can be used for the manufacture of armor for tanks and armored ship hulls, and for the production of hydrogenerators and high pressure vessels employed in the energy branch and chemical industry.
In 2010, Boris Paton won the Global Energy Prize for solving many aspects of pipeline transmission of power resources, and certain power engineering challenges.