Development of organic solar panels and creation potassium - the ion accumulators
The Energy of Youth Contest has summed up the results of the All-Russian contest of youth scientific projects in the field of energy, The Energy of Youth. The winners have been announced: three young scientists from Moscow with their projects on development of organic solar batteries, creation potassium - the ion accumulator and optimization of extraction of hydrocarbons. Each of winners will receive a grant of 1 million rubles on completion and realization of their researches. The award ceremony will be held on December 7th at the Congress center of Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
The Energy of Youth Contest is held annually by the Global Energy Association in order to identify the most promising scientific research and development performed by students, post-graduate students and young scientists under the age of 35 and to stimulate their research activities in the field of energy.
Since 2018, the contest comprises three directions:
• Traditional energy (gas, coal, oil, heat energy and electrical power)
• Non-traditional energy (RES, nuclear power, hydrogen energy, bioenergy)
• New technologies (fundamentally new types of technologies / materials for energy production, space technologies).
The best work in the "Non-traditional Energy" nomination in one of Yury Luponosov, the leading researcher of Institute of synthetic polymeric materials of N.S. Enikolopov.
His project is devoted to translucent and flexible solar cells based on new organic materials with enhanced stability. According to the scientist, new photocells have a number of advantages over their silicon analogs, in particular: their levity, low production price and non-toxicity of photo cells. The researcher plans to use the interfaced organic molecules at the heart of a photovoltaic layer of batteries. Successful project implementation will give the chance to use batteries as mobile recharge, including elevation of buildings installation or integration into textile materials.
The winner of the "New technologies’" nomination project is Stanislav Fedotov, a research associate of the Skolkovo institute of science and technologies. His research topic: Development of a Potassium-Ion Battery Based on Polyanionic Electrode Materials. The young scientist is convinced that potassium - ion batteries will shortly replace lithium-ion ones due to limitation and geographical isolation of lithium in the nature and steady growth of prices for material. In his judgement, obvious advantages of potassium raw materials is a low price and availability of its natural sources. "The cost of a carbonate of potassium is less than 5% of the price of a carbonate of lithium of similar quality", - he mentioned. In technology assembling the scientist suggests to use complex phosphates of potassium and transitional materials of unique crystal structure.
The third winner is Ivan Evdokimov, a research associate of "Institute of Technology of supersolid and new carbon materials". His project belongs to the "Traditional energy" nomination and is connected with development of self-extinguishing wellhead coupling closure members used for hydrocarbons extraction. In a traditional process of wellhead coupling closure the multi-stage hydraulic fracturing method is used, where a valve of wellhead coupling closure separates one step from the following, and for the start of the following stage it is necessary to eliminate the valve mechanically.
At the same time the probability of damages of the well is high which leads to considerable financial and time losses. Ivan Evdokimov's development assumes creation of the withdrawing locking elements of wellhead coupling closure which are dissolved in mud fluid. The urgency of the project is connected with the fact that almost all the withdrawing locking elements which are presented at the domestic market, are imported. Each product of the wellhead coupling closure costs the oil and gas industry around 100 thousand rubles. Thus, the Russian project will not only satisfy demand of the domestic oil and gas companies, but will also become competitive, and can be implemented in the western markets.
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