Over the period from 2003 to 2018, the prize was won by 37 outstanding scientists from 12 countries: Australia, Great Britain, Germany, Iceland, Canada, Russia, USA, Ukraine, France, Switzerland, Sweden and Japan.
Global in simple words
Zhores Alferov (Russia)
Thorsteinn Ingi Sigfusson (Iceland)
Philip Rutberg (Russia)
Rodney John Allam (UK)
Valentin Parmon (Russia)
Michael Graetzel (Switzerland)
Martin Green (Australia)
Sergey Alekseenko (Russia)
Laureate of the Global Energy Prize in 2005 for fundamental research and significant contribution to the creation of semiconductor converters for solar and electric power industry.
Nobel laureate Zhores Alferov took part in the creation of a heterojunction laser, a device that reads information from CDs and provides fiber-optic communication. Alferov made a significant contribution to the invention of the powerful fiber-optic cables laid along the ocean floor and connecting continents to transmit information. His heterostructure converters are also used in solar batteries, effectively converting the energy of light into electricity.
“To strive, to seek, to find and not to yield! However, it is very important to understand what you are fighting for”.
Laureate of the Global Energy Prize in 2007 for implementation of hydrogen energy in Iceland.
Thorsteinn Ingi Sigfusson has developed a program for complete transition of Iceland to renewable energy. Under his scientific guidance, technologies are being introduced to generate electrical and heat energy from geothermal sources. Sigfusson is also engaged in research on hydrogen energy, which will allow the country to abandon hydrocarbon fuel currently used for vehicles and ships.
“When I built a spherical resonator and was able to reproduce all possible forms of mathematically perfect waves and harmonics, I understood physicists talking of 'the music of spheres'”.
Laureate of the Global Energy Prize in 2011 for fundamental research, development and design of energy plasma technologies.
Philip Rutberg proposed to burn solid waste at a very high temperature in a special plasma torch. This allows to avoid harmful emissions into the atmosphere. During burning, the waste will emit gas that can be further used in thermal power plants. With this process, garbage becomes a source of clean renewable energy and liquid fuel.
“Plasma technologies allow to extract energy while disposing of municipal, industrial and agricultural waste. In the future, plasma technologies will account for 50% of all renewable sources”.
Laureate of the Global Energy Prize in 2012 for development of new processes and equipment for production of gases and cryogenic liquids, as well as for the development and implementation of the technology for production of electricity in power systems.
Rodney John Allam figured out how to turn carbon dioxide and waste into fuel for power plants. Allam proposed a new method of compressing carbon dioxide with its simultaneous cleaning from impurities, and also developed advanced equipment for the production and transportation of hydrogen to gas stations. Allam has managed to create an environmentally friendly power plant that uses carbon dioxide.
“In large cities, motor vehicles generate the same CO2 emissions as the entire electricity generation sector. We should completely abandon traditional cars and switch over to electric and hydrogen vehicles”.
Laureate of the Global Energy Prize in 2016 for a breakthrough in development of new catalysts used for oil refining and renewable energy sources, which have made a fundamental contribution to the development of the energy future.
Valentin Parmon was in charge of the development and testing of solar catalytic reactors that convert solar energy into chemical fuels fit for storage and transportation. Parmon is supervising the research aimed at obtaining fuel from microalgae, vegetable oils, wood and even from rice husk.
“Solar energy enters the Earth in quantities many times exceeding even the most ambitious needs of the mankind. We have to develop a technology to convert it into chemical fuel”.
Laureate of the Global Energy Prize in 2017 for the development of economical and efficient photocells known as the “Graetzel cells” and intended for low-cost, productive solar power plants.
Michael Graetzel developed a new type of solar cells becoming known as “Graetzel cells”. Batteries based on Graetzel cells are more convenient than silicon photocells: they can be made flexible and multicoloured, and they can be used as design elements of buildings. On the basis of transparent photocells, window panes can be manufactured that will generate electricity.
“Discussions can be very useful. If you lock yourself up in the office, unexpected thoughts are unlikely to come to you. And even if they do come, they will dry out all the same. You won’t move on”.
Laureate of the Global Energy Prize in 2018 for research, development and educational activities in the field of photovoltaics allowing to significantly reduce costs and increase the efficiency of solar cells, making them the most economical option for bulk power supply.
Martin Green has developed silicon solar cells of a completely new type. They function effectively not only during the daytime in good weather, but also in the morning, in the evening and even on cloudy days. Green’s solar panels are successfully used all year round, even in northern countries, where there is less sun and the sky is often cloudy.
“Solar module efficiency advances faster than many experts have expected, and this is good news”.
Laureate of the Global Energy Prize in 2018 for research and development in the field of thermal power and heat transfer systems enhancing the resource potential of mankind.
The research performed by Sergei Alekseenko makes it possible to build economical and safe thermal power plants, solid waste incineration plants, and efficient cooling systems for computers and nuclear reactors. Sergey Alekseenko is also the initiator of the development of petrothermal power engineering, a promising direction of power engineering using the heat of the Earth’s abyssal rocks.
“Renewable energy sources have come as new powerful players of the world energy market. Their dynamics is fabulous: the annual installed capacity gain is reaching 18%”.